Thursday, February 28, 2019

Motivational theories applied in the workplace Essay

at bottom this assignment I leave be looking at the dissimilar wantal theories that organisations may use in order to more their custody more efficient. The organisation I leave behind look at is Tesco as they now employ over 468,000 employees worldwide and have carryed assorted methods in order to give their employees increased knowledge, skills and teleph one(a) line satisfaction by using training and relevant rewards and recognition schemes.Motivation is very weighty indoors an organisation that relies heavily on their employees as this go forth get how efficiently they prevail. Motivation potbelly be given in some ways much(prenominal) as personal interest in the job they argon doing or other constituents such(prenominal) as rewards, other factors anyow recognition of hard field of study, a sense of actionment, obligation indoors the work, hazard of promotion and in like manner a sense of ch all in allenge and enjoyment.By move employees in this way they will be able to work harder and achieve a high quality of work in less time. If this is use indoors Tesco, the same task will take a shorter stoppage of time meaning a reduced labour cost for the business.The source aimal supposition I am going to look at is Taylors theory which suggests that employees main incentive to work is for notes purposes only. Although Taylors theory is based upon a production line where workers are paid for apiece item that is produced which creates an incentive to work faster. Although this meant that work would be completed quicker, it may also lead to lower quality work. rough positive aspects of this theory include that tribe are able to work for longer periods, and workers feel rewarded for putting in more effort although controvert features may include not being suitable to everyone as volume may feel less secure in their job.This motivational theory has been adopted indoors Tesco in order to do their module by pass incentives, t hese incentives are varied according to lifestyle and includes free shares, allowance scheme, underground healthcare and contract mobile phones. Tesco offer varied incentives so that every employee has something to work towards as in that location are disparate rewards for different people. Although one disadvantage of adopting this method within Tesco is that only the level supply will benefit as it will relate to the amount of work they complete, whereas mangers do not have the same type of work and will miss out on the same rewards, this means Tesco must adopt multiple theories to suit all employees.The undermentioned motivational theory I will look at is the Hawthorne study which suggests that there were various factors which created motivation at work and this included greater communication, good teamwork, showing an interest in others and ensuring work was non-repetitive. This is due to Elton Mayo suggesting that receptiveness will draw off employees bored and become l ess motivated. Which means employees should be given emancipation to make choices within their workplace. Although a disadvantage of using this theory is that employees will not get any financial benefits such as bonuses.This is patent within Tesco as communication within this company is an important factor in order to motivate supply, examples of this include 1-to-1 discussions amid floor staff and managers and also with the use of the companys intranet which is apply to offer jobs to on-line(prenominal) employees to begin with they go out to the public.Another motivational theory I will focus on is Maslow, which includes a pyramid style of motivation where basic or physical needs must be met before the other stages can be dealt with. The other stages include security within the business, well-disposed needs which include teambuilding and a sense of belonging between employees, self-esteem which may include promotions and also self-fulfilment that may consist of a constant challenge they face within the workplace.This motivational theory is use within Tesco to motivate all employees within the organisation, such as ensuring each worker has a regular monthly pay and the use of facilities such as a restaurant. The next stage Tesco focus on is the need for security at work, this is in the form of formal contracts of employment to ascertain employees feel secure in the job they have taken, security within Tesco also includes pension schemes, union options and also health and safety within the workplace.In addition to this, the Herzberg theory is also used within workplaces such as Tesco, and this includes both motivators and hygiene factors.Some motivational factors that are used within Tesco include1. Achievement2. Responsibility3. Promotion4. Growth in any case including hygiene factors such as1. Pay and benefits2. Company policy3. inspection4. Job security5. Working conditionsTesco uses each of these factors in order to motivate its staff by delegat ing responsibility and decision making which will help to improve the communication within the business and ensure staff are working to the best of their ability. Although by following these factors no social needs are looked into which can be important within a large business such as Tesco.The McGregor theory implies that workers are one of two types which are labelled theory X which include1. Individuals who despise work and avoid it where possible2. Individuals who lack ambition, dislike responsibility and privilege to be led3. Individuals who desire securityFor Theory X workers in order to achieve organisational objectives, a business would need to include a management system, control and correct penalties where needed.And Theory Y workers can be described as1. Consider effort at work as just like rest or play2. Ordinary people who do not dislike work. Depending on the working conditions, work could be considered a source of satisfaction or punishment3. Individuals who seek re sponsibilityThe implications for Theory Y workers are that to achieve organisational objectives, various rewards can be used to motivate workers. Although in order for the workers to show development the workplace must create a working environment.The McGregor theory is used within Tesco by providing a management system for workers on the shop floor by offering one to one talks with their own sphere manager which will help to establish objectives for their work and also gives the employees a chance to express any enquiries they may have about their job.The next theory I will look at is the McClelland theory which suggests that there are three main types of motivational needs1. The need for work2. The need for authority and power3. The need for affiliation.Tesco makes use of this theory as each employee and manager has differencing levels of needs, and this influences them within their working environment. Tesco do this by ensuring all employees feel a subroutine of a group and a p art of the company, this can be achieved by giving employees responsibility to complete tasks and also have a chance at promotion.The final theory I will explore is the Vroom theory which proposes that employees will work harder if they can see that the overall outcome of their work will benefit them more. This is shown using a formula that can be used to show how motivated someone is likely to be.Tesco are able to use this by offering greater rewards for the work that their employees complete, which may include additional discounts on all areas of the company such as food and electronics and also offering their employees private health memberships.

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