Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Rawls And Kohlberg

Lawrence Kohlberg and John Rawls were two very important philosophers of the twentieth century. Their discussions, however, love along to be quite distinct. On one top for example, a huge field for Kohlberg was his surmise of clean-living development. On the other(a) hand, Rawls seems to talk more about political philosophy and justice. Kohlbergs have-to doe with in lessonity derived from the studies of Jean Piaget, who studies the cognitive development in children. He developed his own theory of development from these studies. He put forward three levels or clean-living reasoning. The opinion level is pre-conventional, in which a childs decision is based on avoiding punishment and receiving awards. The second level is conventional, where the highest value of society is upholding the rules. The be and final level is post-conventional. In this stage, individuals follow universal moral principles that whitethorn be more important than the rules of a particularised country or group. Moral education is another consequence that Kohlberg spent a great deal on. Virtues and vices ar bowl over tongue to to be the basis of moral behavior. Honesty, kindness, and patience be examples of this basis. Kohlberg rejected this focus because the practice was too complex. He believed that a split up approach was to focus on the stages of moral development, which are critical. He also rejected the relativist point of mountain in favour of the view that certain principles of justice and righteousness represent the blossom of moral maturity. He discovered that these principles are found in different cultures around the world. The topics that Rawls discusses are different than those of Kohlberg. One of these topics is his theory of justice. It is one of the most widely discussed topics in political philosophy. He wrote a book in 1971 titled A hypothesis of Justice, which explains how the logical put uping of principles of justice may answer as how should society be structured, how should bas! ic rights and duties be assigned to individuals, and how should...If you essential to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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