Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Irish Potato Famine

The proximate cause of the Great Irish Famine (1846-52) was the fungus phythophtera infestans (or spud blight), which reached Ireland in the fall of 1845. The fungus destroyed closely one-third of that years crop, and few all that of 1846. After a seasons remission, it also ruined close to of the 1848 harvest. These repeated attacks made the Irish shortfall more stretch than most. Partial failures of the white potato crop were nothing new in Ireland before 1845, but damage on the scale shaped by the ecological shock of potato blight was fallen unprecedented (Solar 1989; Bourke 1993; Clarkson and Crawford 2001). However, the famine would not have been n wee on so lethal had Irelands dependence on the potato been less. The experience of different European economies in the 1840s is telling in this respect. In Ireland the workaday intake of the third or so of the population principally reliant on the potato was capacious: 4-5 kilos workaday per plenteous-grown male e quivalent for most of the year. After allowing for non-human use of goods and services and render for seed, the 2.1 million acres (or 0.8 million hectares) under potatoes in the early 1840s produced 6.2 million metric tons for human consumption. That amounted to an amount up daily intake of 4.6 lbs (or over two kilos) per man, woman, and child.
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In France, by comparison, the average daily intake of potatoes was only one hundred sixty-five grams in 1852; in Norway in the early 1870s, 540 grams; in the Netherlands about 800 grams in the 1840s; in Belgium 640 grams. A few European regions -- Belgian Flanders, parts of To see in Cormac Ã" Gráda , Richard Pap! ing and Eric Vanhaute (eds.), The potato famine of 1845-1850: causes and effects of the last European subsistence crisis (CORN Publication Series: Comparative artless History of the northwesterly Sea Area). 1 1 Prussia, and Alsace -- came nigher to the Irish norm, however (for sources see Ã" Gráda 1999: 18, 237). Table 1 (based on Bourke 1993: 90-113; Mokyr 1981) gives a sense of the potatos enormousness in the Irish rural...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com

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